July 1, 2021. As of July, all the actors involved in the coffee sector in Latin America and the Caribbean, including the Regional Cooperative Program for the Technological Development and Modernization of Coffee Growing (PROMECAFE, its Spanish acronym), have the manual entitled State of the Art and Management of F1 hybrids (Coffeaarabica L.), an unprecedented publication that constitutes the first manual on the design and management of F1 hybrid coffee plantations for coffee growing.
The manual, published by CATIE (Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center), was produced with the support of the Central American Program for the Integrated Management of Rust (PROCAGICA, its Spanish acronym) and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), with funding from the European Union.
According to Elías de Melo, agro-forestry specialist at CATIE, the publication will help technical personnel and producer families to adequately manage and design coffee plantations with F1 hybrids, so that these materials can express their best characteristics and continue to promote their use in the region.
Since 2008 F1 hybrids, developed by the Coffee Breeding Program of PROMECAFE-CATIE-CIRAD and National Coffee Institutes, were released and made available to coffee growers in the region because they are highly productive materials, with outstanding quality potential, hardiness, tolerance to high impact diseases (such as rust) and high potential to adapt to extreme events related to climate change.
"These materials have been considered as the most relevant innovation in Mesoamerican coffee growing in the last two decades. Their use in the countries is growing year after year and there is a strong demand on the part of decision makers, technicians, families and production companies to have robust technical information on these materials, mainly on the design and management of coffee plantations that consider the particularities of F1 hybrids. This publication constitutes, in synthesis, the contribution of a wide list of national and international specialists and is the first technical reference manual on the design and management of plantations of the so-called coffees of the future", said René León, Executive Secretary of PROMECAFE.
In this regard, de Melo added that it should also be noted that much of the technical information included in this manual is based on the continuous monitoring of F1 hybrids in field plots on producing farms and long-term research, such as the CATIE's Trials of Agro-forestry Systems with Coffee, both in Costa Rica and Nicaragua, which have evaluated the performance of hybrids for 21 consecutive years, under different production systems.
If you are interested in reviewing and accessing the manual, please go to Estado del arte y manejo de los híbridos F1 (Coffeaarabica L.).
Elías de Melo
Coffee and Cocoa Genetic and Agroforestry Improvement Unit
Karla Salazar Leiva
Tecnología de Información y Comunicación